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英语高分系千万不能用这2种写作方式!

发布日期:2018年04月16日    浏览次数:212

1.Don't Use Adverbs


1.不要用副词


The adverb is not your friend. Adverbs are words that modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs. They’re the ones that usually end in -ly. With adverbs, the writer usually tells us he or she is afraid he/she isn’t expressing himself/herself clearly, that he or she is not getting the point or the picture across.


副词并不是你的朋友,副词是用来修饰动词,形容词或其它副词的。它们通常以ly结尾。作者通常用副词来表达那些自己无法解释清楚的意思及表明的观点。


There are numerous usage "rules" regarding the placement of adverbs in prose: one shouldn't split a compound verb or infinitive with them (so no "to boldly go" or "must be heartily congratulated");


关于在散文中放置有太多的用法规则了:我们不应该让副词出现在复合动词或动词不定式中,因而我们不能说"to boldly go"或"must be heartily congratulated"。


One must place them closest to the word they are modifying (so no "Quickly the news anchor corrected himself"; go with "The news anchor quickly corrected himself");


我们必须要把它放在离其所要修饰的词最近的地方(所以我们不能说"Quickly the news anchor corrected himself",而应该是"The news anchor quickly corrected himself")。


One shouldn't start a sentence with them, especially if the adverb in question is hopefully;


我们不能把副词放在句首,尤其是“hopefully”这个词。


One should know when to use a flat adverb (like quick in "move quick" and safe in "drive safe") and when to use an inflected -ly adverb (like "quickly move aside" and "safely drive the truck");


我们应当知道什么时候用单纯形副词(像是 “move quick”中的“quick”,“drive safe”中的“safe”)什么时候用加ly的副词(像是"quickly move aside"中的“quickly”和"safely drive the truck"中的“safely”)


2. Never Use the Passive Voice


2.不要用被动语态


Never use the passive where you can use the active.


能用主动语态的话就不要用被动语态


English verbs have two voices: active and passive. We use the active voice in sentences like this one, and it shows who is doing the acting (we are) and what is being acted on (the active voice). But the passive voice is often used in more formal sentences, like this one, where the actor—here, the invisible writer of this sentence, who is the one using the passive voice—is hidden from view. Here are a few examples of sentences written in the active voice and then recast in the passive voice:


英语的动词有2种语态:主动语态和被动语态。我们在本句中就使用了主动语态,它能体现谁在进行动作,什么动作(主动语态)在被进行。但是被动语态却更常在正式场合中使用,像这句,演员在哪里-这里,这句话的隐形作者,也就是使用被动语态的这个人-从当前默默隐去了。以下的几个例子,都是主动语态的,并且改写成了被动语态:


The teacher told us to use the active voice. vs We were told to use the active voice.


老师告诉我们要使用主动语态 vs 我们被老师告知要使用主动语态。


The police questioned the suspect. vs The suspect was questioned.


警察询问了嫌疑人 vs 嫌疑人被警察询问了。


I made a mistake. vs Mistakes were made.


我犯了错误 vs 错误被犯了


You'll notice that the passive voice seems to distance an action from its perpetrator, or it makes the thing being acted on ("we," "the suspect," and "mistakes" above) more important than the doer. For this reason, the passive voice is very common in more formal writing, where the authors want to keep the perpetrator of the action or the speaker distant.


你会发现,被动语态使得一个行动和行动者分离开来,或是动作被进行的一方(“我们”“嫌疑人”和以上的“错误”)显得比进行动作的一方更加重要。因此,被动语态在正式写作中比较常见,作者想要让进行动作的一方或说话人能产生一种距离感。



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